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3 edition of How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies? found in the catalog.

How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies?

Torsten Persson

How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies?

by Torsten Persson

  • 43 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Mass .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Proportional representation,
  • Democracy,
  • Parliamentary practice,
  • Representative government and representation

  • Edition Notes

    StatementTorsten Persson, Gérard Roland, Guido Tabellini.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- no. 10176., Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 10176.
    ContributionsRoland, Gérard, 1954-, Tabellini, Guido Enrico, 1956-, National Bureau of Economic Research.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination54, [6] p. ;
    Number of Pages54
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17618529M
    OCLC/WorldCa54057491

    two parties prevent effective national third parties from emerging. the two coalitions shape the parties' platforms on public policies. parties do not always support policies bc they are favored by their constituents, they sometimes act as policy entrepreneurs, seeking ideas and programs to expand the party's base of support.   Why do political parties join coalitions to support other parties’ presidential candidates if presidents, once elected, are not bound to their pre-electoral pledges? This article argues that policy agreements made publicly between coalition partners during .

    The Two-Party System. Electoral rules, such as the use of plurality voting, have helped turn the United States into a two-party system dominated by the Republicans and the Democrats. Several minor parties have attempted to challenge the status quo, but usually they have only been spoilers that served to divide party coalitions.   Different electoral rules have consequences on the strategic behavior of voters, political selection and policy outcomes. There is ample literature on the links between electoral rules and policy outcomes (see, for instance, Cox, 1; Persson and Tabellini, 2, 3, and Norris, 4).However, the extent to which the quality of the elected politicians has been received limited.

    have election laws and party systems that virtually ensure that no single party wins a legislative majority, and have no tradition of pre-election coalitions. Consensual party system the parties commanding most of the legislative seats are not too far apart on policies and have a reasonable amount of trust in each other and in the political system. The type of electoral system may influence the type of party system that evolves. The FPTP system, for instance, mostly sustains a party system that consists of two major parties, often gravitating towards a party on the left and one on the right, alternating in power.


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How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies? by Torsten Persson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Party fragmentation can persist under majoritarian rule if party supporters are unevenly distributed across electoral districts. Economic and political data, from up to How do electoral rules shape party structures post-war parliamentary democracies, strongly support our joint predictions from the electoral rule, to the party system, to the type of government, and to government spending.

Economic and political data, from up to 50 post-war parliamentary democracies, strongly support our joint predictions from the electoral rule, to the party system, to the type of government, and.

Downloadable (with restrictions). We present a theoretical model of a parliamentary democracy, where party structures, government coalitions and fiscal policies are endogenously determined.

The model predicts that, relative to proportional elections, majoritarian elections reduce government spending because they reduce party fragmentation and, therefore, the incidence of coalition governments.

@MISC{Persson03howdo, author = {Torsten Persson and Gérard Roland and Guido Tabellini}, title = { How Do Electoral Rules Shape Party Structures, Government Coalitions, and Economic Policies. Downloadable. We present a theoretical model of a parliamentary democracy, where party structures, government coalitions and fiscal policies are endogenously determined.

The model predicts that, relative to proportional elections, majoritarian elections reduce government spending because they reduce party fragmentation and, therefore, the incidence of coalition governments. Economic and political data, from up to 50 post-war parliamentary democracies, strongly support our joint predictions from the electoral rule, to the party system, to the type of government, and to government ion governments; electoral accountability; electoral rules; fiscal policy; party.

How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies?Cited by: do electoral rules shape party structures, Keyphrases economic policy government coalition party structure electoral rule.

How Do Electoral Rules Shape Party Structures, Government Coalitions, and Economic Policies. Torsten Persson Gérard Roland, and Guido Tabellini NBER Working Paper No.

December JEL No. H00, D72, D78 ABSTRACT We present a theoretical model of a parliament ary democracy, where party structures, governmentCited by: Waiting for Trump:The Move to the Right of White Working-Class Men, Cited by: Get this from a library.

How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies?. [Torsten Persson; Gérard Roland; Guido Enrico Tabellini; National Bureau of Economic Research.].

Keywords: electoral rules, party systems, coalition governments, fiscal pol-icy, electoral accountability. ∗A previous and longer version of this paper circulated with the title: "How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions and economic policies?".

This research is. How do electoral rules shape party structures, government coalitions, and economic policies?. [Torsten Persson; Gérard Roland; Guido Enrico Tabellini; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- "We present a theoretical model of a parliamentary democracy, where party structures, government coalitions and fiscal policies are endogenously determined.

Introduction. Do electoral rules or form of government (the parliamentarism-presidentialism distinction) matter for economic growth.

Political scientists have long been interested in the potential political consequences of electoral rules and form of government, such as nature of the party system and regime stability.

However, there has lately been an increasing focus also on constitutional. Economic and political data, from up to 50 post-war parliamentary democracies, strongly support our joint predictions from the electoral rule, to the party system, to the type of government, and to government ral rules, party systems, coalition governments, fiscal policy, electoral.

Persson, T., G. Roland and G. Tabellini (), ‘How Do Electoral Rules Shape Party Structures, Government Coalitions, and Economic Policies?’, NBER Working Papers CrossRef Google Scholar Roubini, N.

and J. Sachs (), ‘Government Spending and Budget Deficits in the Industrial Countries’, Economic Policy 8: – elections, electoral rules, types of political system, party composition of the government coalition and opposition, and the extent of military influence on government.

Political power partly results from the political institutions described above (de jure), and from the distribution of resources across groups (de facto).

Examples of groups of. Electoral Rules and Government Spending in Parliamentary Democracies 5 twopolarcases:(i)afour-partysystemwithP = 1,2,3,4 whereeachpartyrepresents6 aneconomicgroup,(ii)atwo-partysystemwithP = 12,34,i.e.,thepartiesrepresenting groups 1 and 2 (3 and 4) have merged. In a single-party government.

Electoral systems are the rules and procedures via which votes cast in an election are translated into seats won in the parliament or some other office (eg a presidency).

An electoral system is designed to do three main jobs. First, it will translate the votes cast into seats won in a legislative chamber. Second. We show that the electoral system plays a key role because it shapes the nature of political parties and the composition of governing coalitions, hence redistribution.

Our argument implies (1) that center-left governments dominate under PR systems, whereas center-right governments dominate under majoritarian systems; and (2) that PR systems. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

How do Electoral Rules Shape Party Structures, Government Coalitions and Economic Policies. Department of Economics, UC Berkeley () Google Scholar Persson T., Tabellini G., Trebbi F.: Electoral rules and corruption.Task Force on Electoral Rules and Democratic Governance 1 1 Between Science and Engineering: Political Science, Electoral Rules, and Democratic Governance Mala Htun and G.

Bingham Powell, Jr. Introduction and Overview Electoral institutions are not a sufficient condition for the consolidation of democratic rule, but they are necessary.